WATER: WHERE IT MATTERS, WHEN IT MATTERS
All protein-ligand binding interactions occur in an aqueous environment, therefore predicting the effects of solvent molecules within the binding site is a necessary step in understanding binding affinity. However, the interactions of protein and ligand together with water molecules can have complex and non-obvious effects, which can complicate and obfuscate a lead optimization campaign.
The Szmap TK provides the foundation and functionality underlying the SZMAP application that helps modelers and medicinal chemists understand the role of water in molecular interactions such as ligand binding. Using water as a lens, SZMAP can provide the user with insight on critical features of a binding site, predict where and how neighboring waters can influence binding of a ligand, or generate ligand modification hypotheses designed to better exploit specific regions on a binding site.
The semi-continuum [1, 2] approach used in SZMAP combines one explicit water molecule with robust continuum solvent methods , classical statistical mechanics, and thorough sampling plus the ability to analyze specific water orientations.
For more detailed information on Szmap TK, check out the link below: